Digital Security in Cities around the World

With the world going digital in every sphere of life, it is but natural that digital security be of prime concern especially in cities around the world. This is because the controlling hub of every country lies in its cities and any hacking by unscrupulous elements into the cyber network can have disastrous consequences. With populations in most countries gravitating towards cities where the action is and thus greater opportunities in standards of pay, the cities are bursting at the seams today with consequential susceptibility to crimes of all hues, especially the digital types. There were 31megacitioes in the world in 2016, this figure is expected to rise to 41 by 2030, thereby emphasising the gravity of the situation and need for enhanced digital security laws and systems.

Size and population count does matter in crime as recent events have proved. Cities generate a lot of economic activity but along with that, huge growth in infrastructure too has to be in the pipeline if the spread of slums has to be avoided. Growing inequalities and disparities in living conditions have led to manmade risks and pockets of wealth and influence are increasingly coming under attack from terrorist activities. London riots in 2011 and events in Madrid, Paris and Barcelona bear this out.

Alongside this trend, another important drift has taken over the world’s cities and that is the digital revolution and the urge to become a “smart city”. What does this actually mean for the cities? It brings unlimited benefits that even in the not-so-distant past were unheard of. As an offshoot of the Internet of Things sensors and monitoring devices collect data of various physical objects and installations and transmit them seamlessly for efficient management of infrastructure facilities and services. Smart metres are optimising electricity consumption, lowering costs and saving expenses on energy generation. Law enforcement agencies are using data analytics and artificial intelligence to tackle urban crime. On the face of it, nothing could be better for cities than being in a digital environment in every aspect.

Now for the other side of the picture, smart technologies lead to vulnerabilities in digital space unless huge commensurate investments are made in cyber security. This becomes difficult for cities with already stretched financial capabilities. But consider the consequences of not putting adequate stress on preventing cyber crimes. Hackers can shut down the electricity supply of an entire city because the power grids are operated through artificial intelligence and advanced use of digital technologies. This would lead to hospitals being unable to provide services or large scale riots in the darkness. Installations made by a home security alarm company in Melbourne or any other city like Sydney, or New York or Frankfurt for example would cease to function, resulting in break-ins and robberies. In short there would be chaos all around. For more information of how alarm systems function and how they can get affected due to an outage, visit

The good news is that cities around the world have today woken up to the digital threats with cities in Asia and North America taking the lead in implementing security measures. There are three cities in Asia in the top 10 – Tokyo, Singapore and Hong Kong – followed by six in North America – Chicago, Toronto, San Francisco, Los Angeles, New York and Dallas. Hong Kong in particular has taken very effective steps in this regard. The country has established the Cyber Security and Technology Crime Bureau that carries out in-depth research and action on digital forensics and other technology crime prevention activities.

In Japan, authorities have already initiated stringent measures to safeguard critical infrastructure from cyber attacks keeping the 2020 Tokyo Olympics and the Paralympics in mind. Los Angeles this August has started a public-private initiative and established the first city based cyber lab in the USA. It will help residents and businesses in the city to secure their networks and devices and also disseminate any information on cyber attacks.

The present line of thought therefore points to rise in digitalisation of cities as well as making provisions for fail-safe security measures simultaneously.

Famous Diamond Mines Around the World

There has been a mistaken perception over the last couple of decades that diamond mines around the world are running on “Empty” and that they will soon be mined out. This would create a demand over supply situation unless new discoveries are made. However, diamond production figures have a different story to tell. Year upon year, production has been constant at around 130 million carats without any signs of any significant fall. This has been possible due to large discoveries made in Canada with Gahcho Kue set to produce almost 5 million carats annually.

How does this stack up against other the top and famous diamond mines around the world? Here is a list of them in no particular order of priority.

  • Botuobinskaya, Russia – This mine is located in the Yakutia region of Russia, about 200km northwest of Nyurba in the Nakyn Kimberlite field. Even though it began commercial production only in 2015, it has ramped up an impressive 1.5 million carats by 2016. It is estimated that the reserves standing at 69.3 million will last for another 30 years. Additionally it is also a high grade mine with an output of 5.2 carats per tonne. It is operated by Russian major ALROSA.
  • Argyle, Australia – The Argyle mine has been in production since 1982 and has been the source of almost 750 million carats since then. In 2014, it went from an open pit mine to underground operations. It is estimated that it still has 93 million carats in reserve and is expected to last another 5 years before being fully depleted.

Argyle is the largest source of fancy red and pink coloured diamonds of low quality which is a great boon to those who would like to sport one but do not have the means to buy a solitaire or an expensive colourless stone. So next time you need an affordable diamond ring and pick a piece from, the chances are that it was mined at Argyle. For the full range of diamond jewellery that will not blow away your savings, navigate here on this site.

  • Catoca, Angola – In 2016, the output of Catoca was about 6.5 million carats, making it one of the largest in the world. But what makes it stand out amongst the other mines is the quantum of reserves at an estimated 110 million carats with a projected life span till 2034. Production can be carried on after that for another 6 to 8 years once it shifts to underground mining at this stage. Catoca is the largest diamond mine in Angola and is jointly operated by ENDIAMA, the state run mining corporation of the country and ARLOSA of Russia. It has been in production since 1997 and is considered to be among the oldest in-production diamond mines in the world today.
  • Orapa, Botswana – Orapa is one of the largest diamond mines in the world in terms of reserves which is calculated at 151.4 million carats. Situated 500km from capital Gaborone in Central Botswana, the mine was discovered in 1961, soon after the country’s independence from Britain. Commercial production started in 1971 with top output levels achieved in 2006 at 17.3 million carats. The mine is operated by Debswana, a joint venture between the Botswana Government and the diamond mining giant De Beers. The surface area is the largest in the world for diamond mines covering almost 188 square kilometres. Production is expected to last to about 2033.

While reserves at diamond mines are rapidly depleting the world over, it is also true that advanced equipment and technological innovations in mining are extending the life span of some of these mines by plumbing to lower levels below the surface. However, natural diamonds are a finite resource and there is no doubt that existing known reserves all over the world will come to an end unless new discoveries are made quickly.

Best Cosmetic Treatments Around the World

It is not surprising that in a time when our outer appearance is becoming more

Imperative to our inner prosperity that the significance for cosmetic treatment and plastic surgery has increased. Cosmetic surgeries or treatments are booming worldwide and have advanced tremendously over the past three decades. Cosmetic treatments are done to remove imperfections from the body with the help of a laser, IPL machine, fillers and injectables by altering the skin to help you look better.

Trends in cosmetic treatments may vary globally which mainly depend on ethnic preferences, but the fundamentals of health and beauty are universal. The influence of new technologies and procedures, along with social and cultural influences has led to particular trends emerging. For example, state of the art IPL laser machines have now been marketed by leading manufacturers some of which are imported and distributed by Universal IPL in Australia. According to International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ISAPS), here are the best cosmetic treatments around the world.

  • Asian blepharoplasty or double eyelid surgery is the most popular cosmetic procedure in South Korea. South Korea is the largest centre for cosmetic surgery in the whole world. According to ISAPS research, 20% of women aged 19 to 49 have experienced some sort of cosmetic treatment and 1 in every 77 have had work done on some part of their face or body. Another very common and most frequently performed cosmetic treatments, apart from eyelid surgeries are rhinoplasty (nose jobs), jawline restructuring, forehead augmentation, chin augmentation, facelift, liposuction and hair transplant. The popularity of cosmetic treatments in this part of the world is due to relatively quick and inexpensive treatment process.
  • Greece is the second largest country in the world in terms of cosmetic procedures. It is a popular hub due to advanced technology offered at low cost. The most common procedure performed here is breast augmentation requested mostly by the Grecians and then the global population. Another most popular cosmetic procedure is penis enlargement and its frequency is approximately 10 times the average frequency in other countries.
  • Brazil, a country of beaches, samba and carnival is the birthplace of Brazilian butt lift, also known as BBL. It is a cosmetic procedure that is done to enhance the size and shape of the buttocks. The government of Brazil supports elective cosmetic treatments and the people do not have to pay tax for the procedures. This initiative by the government has augmented the medical tourism in the country. Apart from the butt obsession, other popular cosmetic procedures are liposuction, breast augmentation, tummy tuck, rhinoplasty (nose job) and eyelid surgery. The cosmetic procedures are so common in Brazil that they have become a status symbol for the people there.
  • Colombia is among the most preferred medical tourism centres of the world. The most common procedures here are liposuction and breast implants.
  • When talking about cosmetic procedures, Iran is not far behind. Rhinoplasty, liposuction and eyebrow pigmentation, where permanent tattoos are used to block in brows are the most sought out procedures. In a more conservative country where women dress modestly, highlighting facial features is the only way to enhance beauty. A member of Iranian Association of Cosmetic and Plastic Surgeons, Javed Amirizad said that out of 40,000 annual cosmetic treatments in Iran, more than 60% are nose jobs.

Taiwan is most popular for cosmetic procedures done on the face. The facial procedures done there include removal of wrinkles, deep circles around the eyes and cheek upliftment. In terms of cosmetic procedures, Taiwan is better than most of the countries of Asia because the doctors and surgeons have trained overseas and are very much efficient. Also, the services offered are relatively inexpensive.

Some Strange Laws Around the World

When travelling across the globe, it can be interesting as well as helpful to find out about local laws and conventions.

Learning about the laws of the nation or state you travelling to could not only save you from various legal hassles, but it can also enable you to enjoy your vacation even more. Nevertheless, there are certain uncanny and astonishing dictates that nobody, supposedly, follows.

Whether or not you can relate to the idea of a resting donkey in your bath or appreciating eating some place that is ablaze, it is beneficial and entertaining to gain knowledge about local laws.

• Denmark is a wonderful country, one of the most popular tourist destinations across the globe. The highlight of the country is its hospitality and the friendly nature of the locals. That hospitality is manifested in one of the nation’s laws. In Danish eateries, you don’t need to pay for your meals unless, by your own assessment, you are “full”. If not, you can leave without paying the bill by any means. There is another crazy law in Denmark, it is unlawful to start your vehicle without first verifying whether there are any kids dozing under it.

• Have you at any point thought that a harmless act of chewing gum may lead you to legal hassle. Chewing gum is totally illicit in Singapore since 1992. There is a restriction on bringing in chewing gum into Singapore. Among the extensive rundown of things that aren’t permitted to be imported into Singapore is chewing gum, a regulation upheld with a specific end goal to keep open spaces clean. According to the law, just nicotine gum is permitted, which you can get only if your physician prescribes it. No gum is permitted to be purchased or sold in Singapore and there is a $500 fine to spit out gum in the city.

• Japan is the land that brought us the popular sport of sumo wrestling, yet it is illicit to be fat there. As per the “metabo law”, all men and women above the age of 40 must not have a waist measuring over than 32 inches and 36 inches respectively.

• You’re not permitted to file for a divorce in Philippines and Vatican. These are the main two nations on the planet where separation is illicit.

• In Vatican, there is no use seeking a divorce as the law does not have any provision for it. Philippine law, as a rule, does not accommodate divorce for anybody living in the nation. The special case is concerning Muslims, who are permitted to separate in specific conditions.

• You can be facing a fine up to $700 if you feed the pigeons in Venice’s St. Mark’s Square. Feeding the birds in the city has been prohibited by the government, declaring the birds as a health hazard as well as harmful for the monuments.

• Australians too are no strangers to weird laws and regulations. Rental property regulations in Victoria oblige you to check with the proprietor before introducing “installations” or making “changes”. Counsel a reliable property lawyer in Melbourne on the off chance that you need stay away from the ungainly situation where you’ll have disclose to your proprietor why you require that effective showerhead.

Best Eco Houses in the World

With the clamour for climate change and global warming rising by the day all over the world, the concept of green homes is gaining prominence. As per a recently conducted survey, the construction industry is accountable for more than 30 percent of man-made carbon emissions. Taking that statistic into account, both administration and general public have taken the initiative to contribute to the cause of environment conservation by building eco-friendly houses.

Stoked up by an ever expanding demand for environment-friendly construction, the concept of green homes has gained prominence and a gamut of technological developments have engendered a slew of building materials and techniques that are easy on the environment. Right from wind turbines to solar panels, to high-efficiency lighting and insulation, glazing, water preservation, and  plumbing, there is a host of eco-friendly practices that are now used in the construction of a new building or home.

Pre-assembled Straw Bale Homes

The ModCell building framework offers pre-assembled timber outline boards integrated with straw bale and hemp. The boards are generally financially savvy and make substantial scale, carbon-negative construction monetarily feasible. The straw bunch and hemp boards account for exceptional thermal insulation.

ModCell additionally includes a rooftop cladding framework, which together with the boards can be rapidly and effectively introduced, making structures with thermal performance up to three times higher than the present building mandates require. Thus, a pre-assembled Straw Bale Home can have zero warmth prerequisites, consequently sparing undue expenditure and bringing down CO2 outflow.

California University Solar Wind Pavilion

The Solar Wind Pavilion is a concept outline for California State University to build an environment-friendly space for the understudies and teachers. The plan starts with a 150-foot wind dynamo that channels down to a rooftop including concentric rings of sunlight based framing. It has been designed with the purpose to stream the produced power in the direction of the campus.

Located in Ireland, the pre-assembled modular timber outline house, planned by globally acclaimed Aughey O’Flaherty Architects, is a customary Irish cabin with an eco-friendly touch.

Building in passive solar outline, it complies with BER A1 rating, the top most Irish energy efficiency standard, and can be enhanced by adding modules without much expenditure. It’s a cost-effective green home best suited to a small family. It’s for those young individuals who want to own a great eco-friendly in energy and design without going overboard in terms of budget.

An 84-condo complex in Brisbane, on the east bank of Australia, was created by lodging enterprise BHC, which has some expertise in ecologically sustainable structures. Opened in June 2012 at a cost of AU$21m, Quadrant has been accredited for five maintainability standards crosswise over environment, energy, vitality, water and community. Utilisation of consumable water is lessened with a 20 kilo-liter rainwater tank.

It’s turning out to be progressively more crucial with home improvement to integrate environmentally sustainable techniques into our homes. While a significant number of us stop at recycling, the above-mentioned green homes and pioneers like Mick Fabar can be an inspiration for every homeowner to incorporate sustainability into the structure of their homes.

The Three Most Popular Tourist Spots in Australia

Australia is a standout amongst the most far removed nations on the planet and, incidentally, a standout amongst the most famous spots to visit, particularly among hikers and explorers who travel with a constraint budget. Regardless of your travel style and interests, there is something to attract you here. There are several beautiful tourist spots across the length and breadth of the country. Places abounding in natural beauty, lush green rainforests, and majestic white shorelines draw several visitors each year from the various nooks and corners of the world. ,

On one hand, you have the immensely popular Great Barrier Reef, a natural wonder. On the other hand, you have the globally acclaimed Sydney Harbour Bridge and Opera House, the true manifestation of man’s creativity, innovation and potential to build amazing structures. Add to all that the beautiful sea waves that provide a perfect setting for surfing and you’ll have a fair idea why thousands of tourists flock Australia for their vacations.

Here are three most popular spots that form the backbone of Australian tourism and will help you experience the joys that a visit to the country can bring you.

One of most sought after reef frameworks on the planet, the Great Barrier Reef owes its popularity to its wealth of marine life and top-class diving opportunities. In 1975, the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park was set up to preserve its delicate ecosystems that consist of coral reefs in excess of 3,000 and 600 mainland islands. Besides that, it is also host to several coral cays along with inshore mangrove isles. A modern day wonder, the park extends for 2,300 km along Australia’s eastern coast and boasts an amazing range of aquatic life including soft and hard corals, different species of tropical fish, dolphins, turtles, and giant clams.

Cable Beach is situated in Broome in Western Australia and is presumably the state’s most frequented spot. It is an astounding shoreline, popular for its white sands, wonderful dusks and the splendid blue waters of the Indian Ocean. Cable Beach is additionally acclaimed for its camel rides on the shoreline.

Situated in Australia’s Red Centre, Uluru (earlier known as the Ayers Rock), is one of the most picturesque natural wonders. The stunning standing stone constitutes the highlight of Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park. This huge sandstone formation is more than 1100 feet tall and attracts tourists from all over the state. One of the stone’s eccentricities is that it changes hues drastically at dusk from blue to violet and red. The native Aboriginal tribe, Anangu, considers the stone to be a hallowed site.

There are far too many locales of breathtaking natural magnificence in Australia to be mentioned in one article. However, these above-mentioned spots are certainly the cream as far as places to visit in Australia are concerned.